Long to reign over us, God save the Queen. Each part of the country also has a flower as its emblem: rose is the symbol of England, leek and daffodil — of Wales, thistle — of Scotland and shamrock — of Ireland. Why did the Scottish people choose thistle, this thorny plant, as the national emblem? People say that during a surprise night attack by foreign invaders the Scottish soldiers were awakened by the shouts of the invaders as their bare feet touched the thorns of the thistles in the field they were crossing.
So thistle saved their land from enemies. This, of course, was a good reason to choose the thistle as a national emblem! As for the Welsh emblems a legend tells us how David, who was chosen as the patron saint of Wales, suggested that his people should wear a leek in their bonnets during battles so that they could be easily recognized.
However, as St. Read aloud and translate the underlined sentences into Russian. Choose one of the symbols of the country in the text and tell about it. Choose one Russian symbol, find out some information about it and tell about the symbol to your groupmates. Answer the questions. What is the governmental body in the country? How is the state system called? Who heads the Parliament? What state system do we have in Russia?
Many English words are of French origin. Try to guess the meaning of the following words. Pronounce correctly, transcribe and translate the words. Monarchy, sovereign, politician, dictatorship, commonwealth, ambassador, royal, realm, Empire, Duke, Duchess, christen, chapel, Lieutenant, Edinburgh, monarch, Malta, Majesty.
Read and translate the text. The British monarchy is an interesting institution. This is due to the fact that it does not actually govern. Although the Sovereign has very wide theoretical powers, they are seldom, if ever, used. The Queen is really a figure representing the country, but she has the power to prevent any politician establishing a dictatorship.
She is also Head of the Commonwealth, and is Head of State in 14 of its 41 member countries. The Queen and her family are a symbol that people can identify with. The monarchy has not always been popular. During the late 19th century there was a growing republican sentiment, but the personality and family image of the Queen, her father and grandfather have removed that feeling.
The Queen is probably the wealthiest woman in the world, most of the money coming from family investments rather than the state. Her state salary the Civil List pays for her servants and transport. In recent years the Queen has become a roving ambassador for Britain, and if we calculate the increase in trade after a royal visit abroad, the nation probably makes a profit from her activities, and that does not take into account the income from tourism in Britain generated by the monarchy and great state events such as royal weddings.
Translate the words into English. Монархия, политик, диктатура, посол, королевский, царствование, империя, герцог, герцогиня, крестить, часовня, лейтенант, Эдинбург, монарх, Мальта, Величество. Give the main idea of each paragraph of the text. Is it good or bad when the population of the country knows much about the personal life of the Head of State?
What is your opinion? Are there any advantages of being ruled by the Queen for Britain? Any disadvantages? Exercise Make up a dialogue. One of you is a British tourist, the other one is a Russian student. Discuss the state systems of your countries and try to find out which is better: a parliamentary monarchy or a democratic republic.
Read the text. The Royal couple has four children, and so far have six grandchildren. Prince Charles, now the Prince of Wales, heir1 to the throne, was born in , and his sister, Princess Anne, now the Princess Royal, two years later. After Princess Elizabeth became Queen, their third child, Andrew, arrived in and the fourth, Prince Edward, in Prince Andrew and Prince Edward were the first children born to a reigning monarch since Queen Victoria gave birth to her youngest child, Princess Beatrice, in After her marriage Princess Elizabeth paid formal visits with the Duke of Edinburgh to France and Greece, in autumn they toured Canada.
The Princess, accompanied by Prince Philip, took his place. Representatives of the peers, the Commons and all the great public interests in Britain, the Prime Ministers and leading citizens of the other Commonwealth countries, and representatives of foreign states were present. It was television, then in its relative infancy that brought the splendour3 and the deep significance of the coronation to many hundreds of thousands of people in a way never before possible.
The coronation was followed by drives through every part of London, a review of the fleet at Spithead, and visits to Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales. Be laconic: write out just word-combinations. Read aloud the words below the text. Mind the stress in them. Pay attention to their Russian equivalents.
The Queen is the titular Head of State and she nominally carries out many formal duties, which might seem as though she has power. For example, she opens and dissolves Parliament, authorizes Acts of Parliament, which makes them into laws of the land, etc.
The Queen actually appoints the PM, but she must always choose the person who is the leader of the party with the greatest number of MPs. If the PM wishes to resign2 and many of us wish he would! She then chooses another PM, but it will be the man the last one told her to choose and will be only a temporary measure until Parliament itself chooses a new one, usually following a General Election3.
She appoints the Archbishop5 of Canterbury, the senior cleric in the Church, but she simply accepts the person proposed to her by the PM and even he simply endorses the choice of the bishops.
She is head of the armed forces and even the ceremonial Colonel of some regiments, but she has no say in how they are formed or what they do — it is the PM, hopefully but not necessarily, with the approval of Parliament who sends them off to fight wars.
The present Queen is reputed to take a keen interest in the affairs of state and in foreign events, but not all monarchs have done so. This, like so many other duties, is supposed to show the authority of the Queen, but again the PM does not need to take any notice of what she tells him.
There are some things, which only the Queen can do, such as exercising the Royal Prerogative, which is theoretically subject to no restriction. This means that she can do anything she likes! In practice, the authority is the Home Secretary7 who reports to the PM. Similarly, foreign ambassadors will present their credentials9 to the Queen, but then deal with the government.
The Queen may hold state dinners in honour of certain guests, but always on the advice of the PM. It is the Queen who presents medals and gives honours to people deemed worthy of receiving them, but it is doubtful whether she has any choice about who those people are. Medals are often presented by the Queen or one of her family standing in for her at garden parties held in Buckingham Palace, her house in London.
On State occasions11, the Queen has precedence — she walks first, she sits first at dinner, etc, and the PM trails along behind. There have been occasions when it is reported that the PM wished to have a more prominent position and has been snubbed12, but these are matters of show, not the exercise of authority. Find in the text the sentences with the words below it.
Translate the sentences from English into Russian. Say if the statements are true or false. Correct the false ones. The Prime Minister exercises more power and authority than the Queen. The Prime Minister is elected by the members of Parliament. If the Prime Minister wishes to resign he asks parliament for permission to do so.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the head of the Church of England. The Queen is the head of the armed forces. Everything in the country is done in the name of the Queen. The Queen is the final authority in the case of presenting medals and giving honours to people.
Look through the text and write out in 2 columns the duties of the Queen and the duties of the Prime Minister. Be ready to tell some words about their duties. Who, in your opinion, heads the country? Is it necessary for the country to have the Queen and the Prime Minister at the same time? Read the text and say what you have learnt from it.
The first big royal television event ever was her coronation in The ceremony was a fantastic spectacle in Westminster Abbey. Twenty million people watched it. She works very hard, with a busy programme of engagements every year. But Philip changed his surname to Mountbatten when he became a British citizen.
He was a Navy officer when he first met Princess Elizabeth. She was only twenty-one when they married. Prince Philip is also called the Duke of Edinburgh. Body 2.
Display 3. Control buttons 4. Еlectrodes 5. Switch of metages 6. Еlektrody 5. Switch Jednotky 6. Корпус 2. Дисплей 3. Електроди 5. Korpus 2. Juhtimisnupud 4. Еlektroodid 5. Switch Osakute 6. Korpusas 2.
INSTRUCTION MANUAL РУКОВОДСТВО ПО ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИИ ІНСТРУКЦІЯ З ЕКСПЛУАТАЦІЇ
Displejs 3. Valdymo mygtukai 4. Еlektrodai 5. Электродтар 5. Кнопки управления 4. Электроды 5. Переключатель единиц измерения 6. Покажи 3. Бутони за управление 4. Включете единици 6. Приказ 3. Електроде 5. Korpuss 2.
Rodyti 3. Еlektrodi 5. Perjungti vienetai 6. Prikaz 3.
Еlektrode 5. Switch Jedinice 6. Zobrazenie 3. Mishandling can cause breakdown of the appliance. Only for domestic use. The appliance is not designed for industrial or commercial use. Do not expose the scale to shocking. Do not jump on the scale.
Do not overload the scale. It is forbidden for use by persons with medical implants for example, with pacemakers. Otherwise, faulty operation of implants might occur. Do not use during pregnancy. Do not step on the scale if your feet or the scale surface are wet you might slip. Batteries may be life-threatening if swallowed. Store the batteries and the scale out of the reach of children.
The person who swallowed a battery, should immediately consult a doctor. Do not allow wrapping material getting into the hands of children choking hazard. It is forbidden to recharge or restore batteries in other manner, disassemble them, or throw into fire.
Measuring body fat percentage and other parameters in children below 10 years of age may yield invalid results. Diagnostic scale may be used for simple weighing without determining water, body fat or muscle mass parameters in children of any age.
Minimum weighing limit is 2 kg.
Костина Екатерина Алексеевна
Unreliable results of measuring body water, body fat or muscle mass might occur in professional athletes, persons prone to oedema, persons with irregular leg-to-body ratio. The manufacturer shall reserve the right to introduce minor changes into the design of the scale, which do not affect its safety, performance capacity or functionality of the appliance.
The measurement of the percentage of different tissues occurs within seconds with electric current, which is not perceptible for a human, safe and harmless. It is important that during measurement you take into account the following: measurement of the body fat percentage must be performed only barefoot; it is advisable that you slightly moisturize the soles of your feet.
Absolutely dry soles might be the cause of an unsatisfactory result, as they possess extremely low electric conductivity. It can be explained from the physiological point of view. Operation of the diagnostic scale is based on the analysis of bioimpedance, which determines the amount of fat and water in muscle and bone tissues themselves. Thus the variation of different parameters should be taken into account separately from each other, without summarizing the obtained results.
Do not put the scale onto a carpet or soft surfaces. To ensure correct weight measurement it is advisable that the scale stand in the same place. By moving the scale you risk putting it on an uneven surface, which might affect the correctness of your weight reading. To ensure correct weight measurement you need to weigh at the same time, without clothes or footwear, and before eating.
To ensure precise weight measurement it is not recommended to weigh earlier than 2 hours after waking. Step on the scale. Do not lean against anything, stand straight. Close the compartment. The scale is ready to operate. By default the scale is set to stones. There is a switch on the rear panel of the scale, for selecting kilos or pounds as units of measurement. Touch the scales with your foot to switch them on.
Wait for some seconds until "0. After weighing the scale shuts down automatically in 6 seconds without load. After the data are displayed on the screen, the data will be reset in a few seconds and the screen will show 0. You may conduct the weighing again or start the weighing by setting a new user.
Press 3 4 Next the screen will show male or female symbol. Confirm the selection by pressing SET button or select your gender by pressing buttons. Press SET to go to the next settings.
INSTRUCTION MANUAL РУКОВОДСТВО ПО ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИИ ІНСТРУКЦІЯ З ЕКСПЛУАТАЦІЇ
Similarly input the age parameters AGE years and the height parameters cm cm. Press SET button to confirm each parameter. After the last parameter has been confirmed height, cm , the screen will show 0. Your data have been saved.
Next time you turn on the scale, the screen will display the parameters of the last user. Stand still during the weighing so that the reading can get stable. Attention: your feet, calves, ankles or thighs should not touch each other during the weighing. Otherwise the weighing results may be incorrect. First the screen will display your weight, and then in a few seconds you will see the information on the percent share of the fat, water, muscle and bone mass in your body.
The scales can be used to calculate the body weight index. The body weight index is the value expressing the extent to which the body weight corresponds to the height.
Using this value, you can determine indirectly whether your weight is insufficient, normal or excessive. Relation between body weight Body Mass Index and height 16 and below Severe underweight The body weight is insufficient Normal The body weight is excessive Obesity, grade I Obesity, grade II 40 and higher Obesity, grade III After the test you will see the calculation of your recommended daily caloric intake.
Daily caloric intake is the number of calories which are needed for performing normal activities and for the support of your body without the accumulation of extra weight.
Switch it on again to restart the operation. If the error message does not disappear remove batteries from the battery compartment for 10 seconds, after that insert them again and switch on the appliance. The batteries are discharged, please, replace them with new ones.
Body fat percentage is too high. Recommendations: you should keep to a low-calorie diet, do more exercise and pay more attention to your health. English Collocations in Use 2. English Collocations in Use Advanced Expand text… 3.
Natural English Collocations A good knowledge of collocations typical word combinations is essential for fluent and natural-sounding English. Learning correct word combinations will also help you avoid common learner errors.
English Collocations in Use presents and practises hundreds of collocations in typical contexts. It is ideal for students at good intermediate level and above.
INSTRUCTION MANUAL РУКОВОДСТВО ПО ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИИ ІНСТРУКЦІЯ З ЕКСПЛУАТАЦІЇ
Владение языком на уровне advanced подразумевает понимание его структуры, что невозможно без знания английских словосочетаний. В английском языке большинство частей речи имеют характерные слова-спутники, с которыми они наиболее часто употребляются в повседневном разговорном и деловом английском.
Непонимание этих правил ведет к резкому снижению уровня говорящего. Пособие включает в себя доступные справочные материалы и эффективные, хорошо запоминающиеся упражнения. Для того, чтобы сказать "Да, я действительно умею говорить по-английски", недостаточно знать грамматику или "много слов", нужно знать, как и в каких сочетаниях их использовать. Перед вами книга для изучающих английский язык уровня Intermediate и выше, в которой особый акцент сделан на словосочетания.
Коллекция всех пособий от Визуального английского.